Geographical hints: - The Malappuram district formed in June 16,1969. The area between Arabian sea and Nilgiri hills. High range forests, agricultural midland and coconut plantations in low land. 70km seashore. Rivers: Chaliyar, Kadalundi, Bharatapuzha, Forest Land: 103,417Hectare
With the rain forests of Nedumkayam, migrating birds in Purathur, the vast belt of Bharathapuzha, and perennial river - the Challiyar, the festive mood emerges out of the cultural and religious occasions, the haunting memory of great poets and coruscating historical episodes, Malappuram district offers a wide range of attractions to make it one of the focal points of tourism. The rustic and rugged beauty with hills, valleys, ravines and thick green vegetation Malappuram provides a sumptuous treat to the eyes of the tourist, attracted by the redundant redolence of our culture.
Eventhough not spotted in the tourism map of Kerala, Malappuram district has many places of interest which can be developed to cater to the needs of tourism promotion. The peace loving people of this area, who adopt the traditional life style of Kerala, with their warm hospitality,make the tourists feel at home.
To begin from the eastern side, there is the world's oldest Teak plantation at Nilambur. It is named as "Conolley's plot" in memory of the collector of erstwhile Malabar District. Conolley's plot, beyond Chaliyar at Nilambur is also the memorium for Sir.Chathu Nair, under whose efforts the first man-made teak plantation had become a reality. The plot and the Kannimari Teak, the oldest one, attract hundreds of people.
20 k.m away from conolley's plot, is famous for thick forest. From the wooden Rest House built during the British period, one can watch elephants and herds of deer moving around on the other side of the river. The elephant training centre also attracts travellers. Half an hour jeep journey from Nedukayam through the thick forests lead one to Macheeri, the settlement of Chola Naikans the primitive tribes.
The beautiful place with natural waterfalls and blue mountain top is also a tribal area.
Kottakkal is renowned Centre for Ayurvedic treatment. Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala attracts even foreigners with the style of treatment they follow. Kathakali, the unique art form of Kerala also flourishes under the auspices of Arya Vaidya Sala. Venkittatheva temple in Kottakkal is famous for the enchanting mural paintings. The cultural mela organised in connection with the Pooram festival of this temple, celebrated in March in which connoisseurs of music, art and literature proudly participate. The medicinal herb garden nurtured by the Arya Vaidya Sala forms the focus of attraction of hundreds of people.
Ponnani, the coastal town is famous for trade from ancient times. Now it gains importance as a prominent fishing centre Ponnani is also famous for the ancient Muslim mosque.
Near Ponnani is Biyyam Kayal, the extensive stretch of water where boat race is held during Onam. Women rowers in small boats will also participate in the race. Biyyam Kayal is being developed into a tourist centre. Pedal boats and other facilities will be provided there on completion of the scheme. The rest house on the bank of the lake, with its amenities, welcomes the tourists for a comfortable and cosy stay.
Ponnani-Purathur belt, where the river 'Bharathapuzha' and the river 'Tirur-Ponnai Puzha' join together to traverse into the Arabian sea, becomes fascinating with wide range of migrating birds. If one crosses the ferry of Chamravattom in March-April-May period one cannot but miss the lovely chain of birds. Nearly 25 varieties of birds have been identified in this area. People have awareness in protecting these beautiful gift of nature. Hence clandestine hunters are prevented by them
Nilambur is famous for its teak plantation. The oldest teak plantation of the world is in the Conolly’s plot is just 2 Kms, from Nilambur town. The plot was named in memory of HV Conolly the then Malabar District collector, who was instrumental in raising the teak plantation in the entire Nilambur area. Sir Chathu Menon, a forest officer under Conolly, organized the hectic task of planning Teak. Chathu Menon was laid to rest in the Teak garden in the Conolly’s plot. The plot of 2.31 hectares is beside the Chaliyar River at Aruvakkode, where a country boat ferry awaits visitors.
Sree Rudra Dhanwanthari temple which is about 3500 years old located near Pulamanthole. At the begning only the idol of shiva was presense so the temple known as pulamanthole shiva temple later the idol of Rudra Dhanwanthari is added there for the temple known in the present name.The temple belongs to the Ashtavaidya pulamenthol mooss family(very famous in the Dhanwanthari wing of Ayurveda science).People belive that all ailments can be cured if pray to Lord and perform Vazhipad in this famous temple.many patients today visit the temple and pray to the Lord
Twenty Kms. South-East of Malappuram, this town is the headquarters of Perinthalmanna Taluk.Thirumandham kunnu temple and Tali temple in Angadippuram, 2 Kms. from Perinthalmanna, areimportant pilgrim centers, Tiruurkad, a place 6 Kms. away from Perinthalmanna, in Kozhikode road, is famous for its Muslim educational complex and Yathimkhana. The Mankada Kovilakam, 8 Kms. away in Majeri road, was the seat of the ruling family, under old Valluvanad Kingdom. A Chaverthara, preserved near the Thirumandham kunnu temple, is Known as Ooty of Malappuram, Kodikuthimala emerged as one of the important center of tourist attraction. 1500 feet above from sea level, this place is cooler than the height indicates. The DTPC plans some development schemes to convert this hilly area into a tourist hot spot.
The growing town of Kondotty near the Calicut Airport is famous for the nercha in the Pazhayangadi Mosque. It is the birthplace of the great Mappila poet, Moyin Kutty Vaidyar. He popularised Mappilapattu by his poems on non-religious and romantic themes. A memorium for the poet is proposed to be built in Kondotty. The history of Kondotty is connected with that of Kondotty Thangals, the Sufi exponents. Tippu of Mysore brought the first Thangal Mohammed Shah, to bring the Mappilas to the side of his rule. The Thangal first resided at Areekode and later settled in Kondotty. When the British emerged on the scene putting an end to the reign to Tippu sultan, the Thangal switched sides with them. Hence, during the 1921 upsurge, the Mappila mob attacked the house of the seventh thangal, naziruddin shah, Kondotty nercha is held at the tomb of the first Thangal. Two Kms. from Kondotty is Nediyiruppu from where the Zamorin Kingdom was expanded. In ancient time, Zamorins were known as Neiyiruppu Swaroopams.
Tirurangadi was an important centre of the Khilaphat movement, the National movement and the Malabar rebellion. It was the Tirurangadi incident on 20th August 1921 that ignited the outbreak of the Mappila rebellion. Mampuram Kizhakkeppalli was the seat of Khilaphat leader, Ali Musliar and a center of religious education. The Mampuram mosque on the other side of the Kadalundi River is a pilgrim centre. At Mampuram Nercha, people from all religious come and offer incese sticks for the fulfillment of their aspirations. Tirurangadi 24 km. west of Malappuram is now the block headquarters. A new Taluk is proposed to be formed with its headquarters at Tirurangadi. There is a PSMO College and a big YatheemKhana (Muslim Orphanage) here Eight Kms West of Tirurangadi is Parappanangadi, which is an important fishing center. A Fisheries Development project is functioning here. A fish seed central also functions atUllanam, near Parappanangadi.
Kadalundi Nagarm is situated in the north western border of Malappuram district, where the Kadalundi River flows into the Arabian Sea. It is 10 Kms. north of Parappanangadi. The nearest railway station is a Vallikkunnu. Kadalundi nagaram is an above of migratory birds, which flock in on the vast stretch of water during February-April. Pooram festival in the Niramkaitha Kotta Bhagavati temple near Vallikkunnu, lasts for a week, attracting thousands.
Thirunnavaya, the land of ancient Mamankam is on the banks of Bharathapuzha in Triruru. Mamankam was a great trade fair from the Sangham period where traders from Kerala and Tamil Nadu came through Ponnani Port by ships and barges. Later the right to conduct the Mamankam became a dispute between Zamorin and the Raja of Valluvanad. Valluvanad used to sent Chavers, warriers who fought until death to defeat Zamorin who would sit on a stand known as Nilapadu Thara surrounded by a big contingent of soldiers in every 12th year. The Nilapadu Thara at Kodakkal near Thirunnavaya is protected as a historical monument. Efforts are being made to construct a Mamankam Museum at Tirunnavaya. Now in the summer season a martial art festival with Kalaripayattu competition is conducted. Sarvodya Mela conducted over the sands of Thirunnavaya is famous.
The birth place of Thunjath Ramanujan Ezhuthachan the father of Modern Malayalam literature is in Trikkandiyur, three Kms away from Tirur Railway Station. There is a beautiful memorium for the great poet there with a meeting hall and library. People in thousands come with their kids to commence their education in Thunjan Maddom on Vijayadasami day in October. The kids are made to write in the sands of Thunjan parambu with their fingers. The Thunjan Utsava conducted during the last week of December is a great literary event. Young poets come there to offer their first poem to Thunjan on the occasion.
Five Kms away from Thirunnavaya, there is Chandanakkavu where a memorium for the great Sanskrit poet Melpathur Bhattathiripad can be seen. Bhakthakavi Poonthanam Namboodiri of the 16th century AD hailed from Keezhattur near Perinthalmanna. The Government has a proposal to take over the house of the great poet and to protect it as a monument. Kondotty 26 Km from Malappuram is the birth place of the great Mappila poet Moyinkutty Vadiyar.
Pilgrimage Tourism has great scope in Malappuram district. Kondotty Nercha is a seven days festival during March. Nercha is conducted in Pazhayangadi Mosque of Kondotty constructed in 16th century AD. The tomb of Mohamed Shah the Sufi exponent is close to the mosque. It was constructed in Mughal style. Thousands gather in a secular way to participate in the festival which assumes the form of a carnival.
There is Perumpadappu Puthan Palli near Ponnani where the annual Nercha attracts thousands. The Nercha culminates in food distribution to the poor.Malappuram mosque near Thirurangadi attracts thousands of devotees irrespective of religion for offerings at the "Jaram" there. The mosque is 7 Km away from Parappanangadi railway station. This mosque played an important role in the peasant outrage of 1921 and the National Movement. This was the headquarters of Ali Musliyar, one of the leaders of the movement
Thirumandhamkunnu Pooram offers enormous festivity days in March-April. The ancient temple is historically important. A cultural feast for seven days is an important part of the festival. Thirumandhamkunnu is 16 KM east of Malappuram in Kozhikode-Palakkad road.
Chamravattom Sastha temple is not only a place of worship. It attracts travelers also. The temple is built in the river with a beautiful background. People from Ponnani side can use Chamravattom ferry to reach the temple.
Kadampuzha Bhagavathy temple 2 KM from Vettichira in Kozhikode-Thrissur highway attracts hundreds of devotees far and near. Dry coconut is the main offering before the deity. Malaparamba Palli Perunnal in the Christian Church near Angadipuram is also an important festival. There are big and small Mosque-Temple-Church festivals in the district in the summer. Nilambur Pattu Utsava is unique among them. It is conducted by Nilambur Kovilakam.
The atmosphere of the entire Malappuram district has the fragrance of Oppanappattu, the art form of Muslim ladies. Mappila arts like Kolkali, Duff Muttu, Aravana Muttu are also popular. The other religious arts like Thira, Bhoothamkettu, Thiruvathirakali, Margom Kali are also performed during festive public gatherings, Kalarippayattu has got deep roots in the district. Changampully is a famous Kalari. Kalaripayattu competitions are organized on State level during the summer season
Tirur is one of the important business centers of Malappuram district. It is 41 Kms. south of Kozhikode, on the Mangalore-Madras railway line. Thunjan Paramba in Trikandiyur, 3 Kms. From Tirur railway station, is sacred for all who sepak Malayalam
Known as Ooty of Malappuram, Kodikuthimala emerged as one of the important center of tourist attraction. 1500 feet above from sea level, this place is cooler than the height indicates. The DTPC plans some development schemes to convert this hilly area into a tourist hot spot.
The coastal town Tanur was one of earliest Portuguese settlements. It is believed that. St. Francis Xavier visited this place is 1564. Situated 8 Kms. from Tirur, it is an important fishing center. Mangalore-Madras railway line passes through this town. The Keraladhesswarapuram temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu, which is one among the oldest temples of Kerala, is 3 Kms. south of Tanur town. Keraladhesswarapuram is also a weaver’s settlement.
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